Columbus is the state capital of Ohio. It is the 14th-most populous city in the United States and one of the fastest growing large cities in the nation. It is Ohio’s second-largest metropolitan area. Columbus is home to the Battelle Memorial Institute, the world’s largest private research and development foundation; Chemical Abstracts Service, the world’s largest clearinghouse of chemical information; NetJets, the world’s largest fractional ownership jet aircraft fleet; and The Ohio State University, one of the largest universities in the United States.
Is located centrally within the state as the core of the Greater Columbus area. Columbus is the central hub to many nearby cities. The Scioto and Olentangy rivers occurs just north-west of Downtown Columbus.
Ohio achieved statehood in 1803. The city was founded in 1812 Named in honor of Christopher Columbus at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, and assumed the functions of state capital in 1816.
37.6% of Columbus residents are religious. Of this group, 15.7% identify as Protestant, 13.7% as Catholic, 1.5% as Jewish, 0.6% as Muslim, and 0.5%.
The combination of Ohio Government and the Ohio State University has fueled amazing growth both financially and physically in Columbus. It has created a business and research environment that has provided substantial employment opportunities to the diverse ethnic and local graduates of the Ohio State University, and other academic institutions in Columbus. The Ohio Supercomputer Center (OSC), is projected to be one of the top 50 supercomputers in the world and among the top 10 super computing academic centers.
The city’s climate is humid continental. Winter snowfall is relatively light.
The city is administered by a mayor and a seven-member unicameral council elected in two classes every two years to four-year terms. The mayor appoints the director of safety and the director of public service. The people elect the auditor, municipal court clerk, municipal court judges and city attorney.
Columbus has several notable buildings, including the Greek Revival State Capitol, the art-deco Ohio Judicial Center and the Peter Eisenman-designed Wexner Center and Greater Columbus Convention Center. Other buildings of interest include the Rhodes State Office Tower, LeVeque Tower, and One Nationwide Plaza.
In 1907, 14-year-old Cromwell Dixon built the SkyCycle, a pedal-powered blimp, which he flew at Driving Park, Columbus. Three years later, one of the Wright Brothers’ exhibition pilots, Phillip Parmalee, conducted the world’s first commercial cargo flight when he flew two packages containing 88 kilograms of silk 70 miles from Dayton to Columbus.
The city has a diverse economy based on education, government, insurance, banking, defense, aviation, food, clothes, logistics, steel, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality, retail, and technology.
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